Faridabad is the largest city of Haryana, a North India state. It is a leading Industrial Centre & Situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian Capital New Delhi. Located 284 kilometers south of the state capital Chandigarh, it is the most populous city in the state of Haryana. The river Yamuna forms the Eastern District Boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India included it the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24th May 2016.
Its history begins with its foundation. The city was founded in the year 1607 by Shaikh Farid. He was a Sufi saint and people often used to call him as ‘Baba Farid. He was also the treasurer of Jahangir, famous Mughal emperor. The main aim to establish Faridabad was to protect the Grand Trunk road (National Highway-02 now). Later, the city was announced as the Headquarters of Pargana. Mughals were ruling Faridabad but later in the early period of 18th century Britishers took over it.
In the year 1950, during the time of India Pakistan partition, in order to rehabilitate the refugees of Pakistan, establishment of industries took place in the city. This was the foundation of industrial development in Faridabad. Further, it began to grow and develop gradually when more and more refugees from Pakistan began entering India. Faridabad was a kind of place which was considered as a bounteous for working. Soon, it filled Pakistani refugees alongside people of different communities, religions, races and multi-language. At present, Faridabad is among the top most centers known for plenty of opportunities in agriculture and industrial sector.
Once, it was a part of Gurgaon District, but it was separated from it and announced as a separate district. On 15 august, 1979, it became the district headquarters and also 12th district of Haryana. From historical point of view, the city was ruled by the British and the Mughals.
The city bears great significance historically and from industrial point of view. The city leads the entire country as thousands of known and reputed small and large scale industries like Lafarge, Yamaha, Whirlpool, Escorts, Imperial Auto Pvt. Ltd., Havell’s, Bhartia Cutler hammer, L & T, Khaitan, Class India and many others are situated here. Apart from large scale, there are around 25000 small scale industries located in the city.